Kazan (Russia): India, projected to have the largest working population between 2022 and 2034, has called upon nations to join hands with it to leverage its skilled manpower, with an estimated 10 million youths entering the workforce per annum.India, with a strong 48-member contingent, is among the 63 countries participating in the world’s biggest international vocational skill competition — WorldSkills Kazan 2019, which is underway in the capital of Tatarstan. Also Read – Saudi Crown Prince ‘snubbed’ Pak PM, recalled jet from US”As we know, India is a young nation in an ageing world with the median age of 27.6 years as compared to median age of above 40 in large parts of developed nations. India is also projected to be the region with the largest working population from 2022 till 2034. In view of this, skilling on global standards can ensure global mobility of highly skilled Indian workforce,” Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Mahendra Nath Pandey said here. Also Read – Record number of 35 candidates in fray for SL Presidential pollsHe urged nations to come forward to encash this opportunity while attending the second edition of the Summit for Ministers, held in Kazan on the sidelines of the 45th WorldSkills Competition.Ministers from more than 40 countries participated in the summit and deliberated on the most advanced approaches to workforce training system excellence.Participants included Tatyana Golikova, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation; Olga Vasilyeva, Minister of Education of the Russian Federation; Jos de Goey, Vice President for Strategic Affairs and Chair of the Strategic Development Committee at WorldSkills International; Tang Tao, Vice Minister of Human Resources and Social Security, People’s Republic of China, amongst others. Pandey said India’s focus is on ensuring that its demographic dividend is appropriately skilled, and people are productively employed in decent work.”For India, this demographic dividend is a limited opportunity which will peak around year 2040 wherein it is estimated that there would be 46 dependents per 54 workers,” he said.Currently, India has more than 10 million youths entering the workforce every year, he said.”To provide access to quality skilling opportunities within a short time frame, India has adopted an accelerated modular competency-based programme of 200 to 600 hours duration. For enhancing the employability of youths coming out of these short-term programmes, it is envisaged to further skill them under an industry-led apprenticeship program. Youths directly entering the labour market are trained on in-house bridge courses by industry,” he said.At the same time, the minister said industry interface was equally important and one of the key strategies for skilling with scale, speed and standard is the focus on industry-led apprenticeship training.”A comprehensive set of legislative, policy and administrative reforms have been undertaken to create one of the most liberal and industry friendly interventions in apprenticeship.”The intent behind these interventions is to reduce the burden of compliance by moving towards self-certification, provide flexibility to industry in terms of hiring and training apprentices, creating a role for Industry Chambers to be third party aggregators and leveraging technology for process standardisation and simplification,” he said.A National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) was launched in August 2016 to extend financial benefits by the government to industries for taking up apprentices.Targeting high population of youths migrating overseas for good opportunities, the minister said the government has taken numerous initiatives to improve opportunities for decent overseas work and enhance the skills level of emigrating workforce.Detailing initiatives, he said these include a number of government-to-government (G2G) agreements focused on testing centres and joint skilling programmes.”A case study in point is the Technical Intern Training Programme (TITP) of Japan…Indian workers are now going to Japan under this programme due to a G2G agreement. This has also led to setting of several Japan-India Institute of Manufacturing at various locations in India,” the minister said.These G2G and other B2B partnerships have led to development of common standards aligned with countries like the UK, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Australia and Japan.”Our endeavour is to adopt World Skills as ‘Global Gold Standard’ across the apex institutions of the skilling ecosystem. We started the India Chapter of World Skills – India Skills Competition in 2016. This competition saw over 50,000 participants across 27 states and Union Territories, supported by over 100 corporates and academic institutions,” he said.He quoted a recent by a global consultancy firm in association with industry bodies in India, forecasting that across the Indian workforce in the next five years, 9 per cent would be deployed in new jobs that do not exist today, 37 per cent would be in jobs that have radically changed skill sets, and 54 per cent will fall under unchanged job category.He said as a result, skilling becomes critical, whether it is entry level skilling for persons in ‘Not in Employment, Education or Training (NEET)’ category, or finishing skills to improve employability of students graduating out of our educational institutions or upskilling or reskilling of current workforce.The Government of India is supporting IT industry body NASSCOM with an outreach target of 200 million youths in various colleges and employer locations. In addition, Centers of Excellence like the Indian Institute of Skills are focusing on the application of Industry 4.0 technologies in the manufacturing sector, he said.Stressing on the need for an effective partnership between the government, industry and academia, he said building such a three-way partnership is one of the key strategies of the government to ensure future-ready workforce.
WILMINGTON, MA — Below are 5 things to do in Wilmington on Wednesday, February 20, 2019:#1) Wilmington Senior Center’s Memory CafeThe Wilmington Senior Center’s “Our Moment Cafe” is holding its monthly meeting from 1pm to 2:30pm at the 4th of July Building (142 Middlesex Avenue). A memory cafe is a special gathering place for those dealing with memory loss and their caregivers. The Cafe gives the person with memory loss, and their caregivers, an opportunity to socialize, participate in an activity, and to make new friends in a welcoming and understanding environment. If you have any questions, contact Terri Marciello or Laura Pickett at the Department of Elderly Services at 978-657-7595.#2) State Senator Bruce Tarr Office HoursA representative from State Senator Bruce Tarr’s Office will be at the Wilmington Senior Center (15 School Street) from 11am to noon to answer any questions or concerns you may have. No appointment is necessary, just stop by for a quick visit.#3) Car Seat Installs At Public Safety BuildingThe Wilmington Police Department offers safety seat installs at the Wilmington Public Safety Building (1 Adelaide Street) every Wednesday, 10am-2pm. No appointment is necessary, but calling ahead at 978-658-5071 is recommended. Learn more HERE.#4) Tech Help At LibraryThe Wilmington Memorial Library (175 Middlesex Avenue) is holding its weekly tech help drop-in hours from 2pm to 3pm. Have a tech question that’s been bugging you? Drop in the library to see if Technology Librarian, Brad McKenna, can help.#5) Ballroom Dancing Lesson At Windsor PlaceWindsor Place of Wilmington (92 West Street) is opening its door for public dance program at 2:45pm in its Activity Room. Michael Winward, an independent dance artist, will be coming by for another afternoon of ballroom dancing. With influences in American-style ballroom, ballet and contemporary dance practices, his work places a strong focus on building connections. Connection to one’s body, one’s self, one’s audience; connection between dance partners, connection within and across communities. In 2016, Michael founded Steps in Time, a program that brings ballroom dance workshops to senior communities. Ballroom dancing provides incredible benefits to older adults. It encourages good posture and it provides low-impact, cardiovascular exercise. All are welcome, whether you’d like to participate or just spectate!Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email email@example.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… Related5 Things To Do In Wilmington On Wednesday, August 21, 2019In “5 Things To Do Today”5 Things To Do In Wilmington On Wednesday, March 20, 2019In “5 Things To Do Today”5 Things To Do In Wilmington On Wednesday, June 19, 2019In “5 Things To Do Today”
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Physical Review Letters Researchers break record for atoms positioned individually in a trap to create defect-free arrays “Finally, we realized that the combination of these scientific developments with advanced optical technologies such as microfabrication of large-scale arrays of microlenses generates an ideal platform for the advancement of scalable quantum technologies,” Birkl said. “Central to our work is that we apply a novel experimental architecture in which we generate a 2-D pattern of optical traps for neutral atoms based on 2-D arrays of microlenses.”Using a large laser beam that illuminates many lenses, the researchers were able to generate several laser traps simultaneously. They generated up to 400 of these traps in parallel and were then able to address them individually.Their experiment had several steps. Birkl and his colleagues started by creating a cloud of rubidium atoms in a room-temperature vacuum system, using a magneto-optical trap (MOT). This allowed them to generate several million rubidium atoms at a temperature of about 100 microKelvin. Subsequently, they turned on the pattern of laser traps and transferred atoms into these traps, with a maximum of 1 atom per trap. Central part of the experimental apparatus for the arrangement of rubidium atoms in defect-free 2D target patterns. The blue laser light is used to initiate coherent quantum operations. Credit: Gerhard Birkl Explore further Citation: The defect-free assembly of 2-D clusters with over 100 single-atom quantum systems (2019, May 31) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-defect-free-d-clusters-single-atom-quantum.html “Our research is driven by the observation that physical sciences are right in the middle of a paradigm shift in which the application of quantum physics, i.e. quantum technologies, are becoming the leading technologies in the near future,” Gerhard Birkl, one of the researchers who carried out the study, told Phys.org. “A vast list of applications are already foreseeable but I am convinced that of most applications we are not even aware of.”The next step for the field of quantum science and technology is the development of experimental platforms that offer extensive scalability, multisite quantum correlations and efficient quantum error correction. Over the past century or so, researchers have carried out a substantial amount of work on single quantum systems, laying the foundations for current developments. Atomic quantum systems have played a key role in these studies, particularly neutral atoms trapped by light, as they provide well-isolated quantum systems with favorable scaling. “For the upcoming generations of quantum technologies, going to multiple quantum systems, i.e. scaling up the system size is pivotal,” Birkl said. “For that reason we gave ourselves the directive to develop a novel platform that provides highly scalable architectures for atomic quantum systems with full control of all relevant parameters for advancing state-of-the art quantum technologies.”When developing the technological basis for their experiment, Birkl and his students who were involved in the study focused on laser cooled neutral atoms with in optical traps, as these benefit from scientific breakthroughs of the past 25 years. These breakthroughs include laser cooling and trapping, Bose-Einstein condensation, the manipulation of individual quantum systems, and optical tweezers. Researchers at Technische Universität Darmstadt have recently demonstrated the defect-free assembly of versatile target patterns of up to 111 single-atom quantum systems. Their findings, outlined in a paper published in Physical Review Letters, could drive assembled-atom architectures beyond the threshold of quantum advantage, paving the way for new breakthroughs in quantum science and technology. © 2019 Science X Network “We generated patterns that are consisting of trap sites with exactly one or zero atoms,” Birkl explained. “Next, we took an image of the pattern and this allowed us to identify the occupied sites (which required no further action) and empty sites.”Once they determined which sites were occupied and which vacant, the researchers filled all empty sites; picking up a single atom out of a filled site outside the target pattern and transporting it to an empty site in the target pattern. This transport process was carried out using a single focus laser beam that could move in 2-D throughout the whole trap array.”This works like tweezers made out of light, for which reason they are referred to as ‘Optical Tweezers’ and are the invention of Dr. Arthur Ashkin who received part of the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics for this invention,” Birkl said. “After applying the tweezers for all empty sites, we take another image of the atom distribution and determine success of the process of generating defect-free atom patterns. In case we still have empty sites, we repeat the assembly process one more time. We can do this up to 80 times in one experimental run, which is another reason for our success in generating large defect-free patterns with high probability.”In their study, the researchers operated on a large number of traps (361), placed in a square grid of 19×19, which corresponded to a substantial number of single atoms (approximately 200) and this allowed them to repeat the assembly process numerous times. All these factors ultimately assisted them in breaking the previous record for the assembly of single-atom quantum systems. “The scalability of the physical systems used is pivotal to further progress in this field,” Birkl said. “We were able to significantly increase the pattern size and the success probability of systems based on neutral atoms. No related experiment has demonstrated more than 72 qubits before, needless to say more than 100, or even 111. Our platform has the explicit prospect of being scalable even far beyond that numbers.”Quantum supremacy typically requires over 50 qubits, yet so far only a few quantum technology experiments were able to surpass this threshold. In their experiment, the researchers reached a total of 111 qubits with a clear plan of how to further exceed this number. This is evidence of the scalability of their experimental platform. “In addition, we could get into the regime of quantum supremacy with high success rates, as we demonstrated a success rate of more than 60% for a pattern with 8×8 = 64 qubits,” Birkl added. “With the duration of one experimental run of 1 second, this gives a new defect-free configurations for quantum processing in the regime of quantum supremacy every two seconds.”The study carried out by Birkl and his team could have important implications for several subfields of quantum technology research, including quantum simulation and quantum computing. The researchers are now planning to scale up their platform to 1000 quantum systems, also adding the ability to initiate two-qubit quantum gates between atoms to build a 2-D quantum processor based on Rydberg interactions. In this way, they are also hoping to implement large-scale quantum computing and quantum simulations using their experimental platform. More information: Daniel Ohl de Mello et al. Defect-Free Assembly of 2D Clusters of More Than 100 Single-Atom Quantum Systems, Physical Review Letters (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.203601 Atom pattern assembly: an initial atom distribution with defects is transferred into a defect-free 100 atom target cluster via single-atom transport. Credit: Gerhard Birkl