Facebook7Tweet0Pin0 Submitted by Olympic Flight MuseumThe world famous Budweiser Clydesdales, the symbol of quality and tradition for Anheuser-Busch since 1933, are scheduled to make several appearances in the area on August 10, 2013, including one at the Olympic Flight Museum in conjunction with the Olympic Air Show.The eight-horse hitch will be harnessed and hitched to the famous red beer wagon at the Olympic Flight Museum on August 10 from 10:00 am to 12:00 noon. On August 10, the “Gentle Giants,” as they are often referred to, will participate in the Olympic Air Show. The air show gates open at 9:00 am.The Clydesdales’ appearance in Olympia is one of hundreds made annually by the traveling hitches. Canadians of Scottish descent brought the first Clydesdales to America in the mid-1800’s. Today, the giant draft horses are used primarily for breeding and show.Horses chosen for the Budweiser Clydesdale hitch must be at least three years of age, stand approximately 18 hands – or six feet – at the shoulder, weigh an average of 2000 pounds, must be bay in color, have four white stockings, and a blaze of white on the face and black mane and tail. A gentle temperament is very important as hitch horses meet millions of people each year.A single Clydesdale hitch horse will consume as much as 20-25 quarts of feed, 40-50 pounds of hay and 30 gallons of water per day.Each hitch travels with a Dalmatian. In the early days of brewing, Dalmatians were bred and trained to protect the horses and guard the wagon when the driver went inside to make deliveries.The Budweiser Clydesdales can be viewed at the Anheuser Busch breweries in St. Louis, Mo.; Merrimack, N.H.; and Ft. Collins, Colo. They also may be viewed at Grant’s Farm in St. Louis and at Warm Springs Ranch, the 300-plus acre Clydesdale breeding farm located near Boonville, Mo.
Submitted by Erin Johnson for Sign A RamaAre you planning on starting a small business or perhaps you already own one? How are you capturing the eye of those potential customers driving and walking by? A temporary sign may work right now, but it’s important to invest in a professional business sign if you want your community to take notice of you.The most important thing to consider is where you are located. Are you in a small store, set back in a shopping center between 4 other businesses? Are you set apart in your own location next to a main road where a few bigger signs would be more practical?Regardless of the size of your location, signs are necessary. Signs are part of owning a successful business. The smaller the business, the more imperative it is that you have proper signage. Signs are magnets for potential customers. It’s important your signs are professional, tell customers what you sell or service you provide, and give them a sense of who you are.Recently we had the opportunity to work with a new small business just opening in town, Olympia Furniture Company located in the Westside Shopping Center on Harrison Ave. This is a perfect example of a small business really looking at their location and putting up eye catching signage that works appropriately. They have a store located downstairs, which presented them with a challenge when it came to signs.Once the project is completed they will have a lighted box sign, window wraps on the store and company truck, feather flags, and directional signage.Signs do not need to be large, but they do need to attract attention. There are several different options for custom business signs that can meet your needs. Not every sign has to be set in the ground right next to the street. You can get a sign in almost any size, shape, material, and color combination you need. Professional custom signs made just for your business are what you need for the longevity and success of your business.Our goal at Sign A Rama is to work with you to create signage that gets you noticed. We will happily come out to your site and do a free survey of your building and give you a quote for a sign solution that meets your needs and budget. Give us a call at (360) 915-9207.You can find us online or by stopping by the shop located off of Exit 111 in Lacey at 2633 Willamette Dr NE Suite H.Like us on Facebook. Facebook26Tweet0Pin0
Facebook19Tweet0Pin0Submitted by Harlequin Productions Harlequin Productions is proud to announce the relaunch of its Education Program. Classes for the Spring session will begin February 2019. Harlequin is committed to strengthening the foundation of artistic education by creating artistic opportunities for the community as well as the next generation of actors interested in pursuing a career in theatre.The program is open to students in three age groups: Youth (8-12), Teens (13 -18) and Adults (19+), and is designed for those interested in learning the fundamentals of theatre. All three programs run for 5 weeks. For more information or to apply, please call our Box Office at 360-705-3250, or visit our website at www.harlequinproductions.org/education.The Spring Youth Acting session runs February 25 – March 27, 2019. Classes consist of two-hour sessions on Mondays and Wednesdays, from 4:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m. The Fall session runs October 7 – November 6, 2019, also on Mondays and Wednesdays from 4-6pm. Students will be introduced to the concepts of voice and diction, movement, stage presence, character development, and storytelling. Tuition is $400 and scholarships are available.The Spring session of Acting for Teens runs February 26 – March 28, 2019. Classes consist of two-hour sessions on Tuesdays and Thursdays, from 4:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m. The Fall session runs October 8 – November 6, 2019, also on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 4-6pm. Class topics include scene study, monologue work, movement and voice/diction. Tuition is $400 and scholarships are available.The Spring session of Acting for Adults runs March 1 – March 29, 2019. Classes consist of two-hour sessions on Fridays, from 7:00 p.m. – 9:00 p.m. The Fall session runs October 11 – November 8, 2019, also on Fridays from 7:00 p.m. – 9:00 p.m. Classes include auditioning, advanced acting techniques and scene study, movement and voice/diction. Tuition is $200.Finally, the Summer Conservatory for Young Actors, ages 14-18, will provide an intensive, advanced exploration into the study of theatre. Students will receive conservatory-style training in acting, voice and diction, movement, improv, Shakespeare, and scene study (as well as the more technical aspects of theater, as time permits), culminating in a final performance. The Conservatory runs from June 24 – July 24, 2019, Monday – Friday, from 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. All classes will be held in the State Theater. Tuition is $800 and scholarships are available.Applicants must audition for placement. Auditions will be held March 9 and March 16, 2019, and will require a monologue.
On Sunday, Jan. 30 at 9:30 p.m. Golden RCMP received a missing persons report about two overdue skiers.The two males from Vancouver Island had been skiing at Kicking Horse Mountain Resort the day prior to the report. RCMP were notified by a friend of the party that the two individuals were unaccounted for. Golden RCMP notified Golden Search and Rescue and Kicking Horse Mountain Resort of the missing persons. Kicking Horse Mountain Resort conducted an inbounds perimeter search for the missing party. No missing persons were found within the ski area boundary. In addition, a full air search began with Golden Search and Rescue at first light on Monday, Jan. 31. At approximately 8:37 a.m. on Monday, Jan. 31 the first individual was spotted by the Golden Search and Rescue approximately six kilometres outside and beyond the Kicking Horse Mountain Resort controlled recreational area. A long line rescue was used as the individual was in a heavily forested area. At 9:30 a.m. the first individual was rescued and transferred to Golden and District Hospital. At 10:16 a.m. the second individual was found outside Kicking Horse Mountain Resorts controlled recreational area in approximately the same region. The individual was transferred by helicopter to hospital. Both males are presently being treated for non-life threatening injuries. The Golden RCMP is currently investigating the incident.
The Dance Umbrella is hosting its 15th Spring Showcase this weekend at the Capitol Theatre. Mallard’s Source for Sports would like add to the excitement by selecting Dance Umbrella Team of the Week.The senior members in the club include, starting back row, L-R, hoisted Ben LeMarchand, Alexi St. Jean-Duncan, Connor Clover, Ben Hall and Mitch Ryan.Middle, Kate Harvey-Viera, Danielle Gibson, Emma Collinson, Elsa Neufeld-Cumming, Dana Dickenson Samson, Aja Lamb-Hartley, Aisha Smith, Hannah Ockenden, Lisa Schwab and Hazel Nichol.Front, Becca Landsberg, Rachel Kinakin, Sarah Jane Hicks and Morag Bos.Missing Sabbian Clover.
Saints Learn Plenty on Trip to LethbridgeThe Selkirk College Saints men’s hockey team took their game to the next level on a roadtrip east this past weekend and discovered they can hold their own against Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) competition.In a special pre-Christmas journey, the Saints traveled to Lethbridge, Alberta to take on the University of Lethbridge Pronghorns in a two-game exhibition series. Playing against a team with a line-up stacked with former major junior players, the Saints showed they can compete with a 4-3 win on Friday night and a 5-1 loss on Saturday.”Our game plan was to go after them and not sit back,” said Saints head coach Alex Evin. “We scored first on Friday night and just built confidence from there. It was a fun game to be a part of and the biggest win for our hockey program to this day.”Facing former Saints’ netminder Alex Sirard—who backstopped Selkirk to its first British Columbia Intercollegiate Hockey League (BCIHL) title in 2012-13—the visitors came out flying. Selkirk’s Tyler Kerner opened the scoring early in the first and despite Lethbridge answering before the opening frame ended, the Saints outshot their opponents 11-8. Five minutes into the middle stanza, Saints’ captain Logan Proulx made it 2-1 when he put away a nice pass from Darnell Dyck. Alex Milligan continued his strong play and gave the Saints a 3-1 lead before the end of the second period.Early in the third, Kerner’s second goal of the night gave Selkirk a 4-1 lead. Benefitting from powerplay opportunities, the Pronghorns fought their way back with a strong push and scored two goals. Saints’ goaltender James Prigione stood tall in the final period, eventually turning away 33 shots in the game and preserving the victory.”Tyler Kerner had a tremendous game and had a lot of family and friends in the stands,” said Evin. “James Prigione was also a standout and provided a calming presence on the back end when the Pronghorns pushed back. James had great rebound control all night.”Bent on revenge, on Saturday night the Pronghorns were determined to even up the weekend. The teams exchanged goals in the first period, with Dyck getting the marker for the Saints. But in the second period, the Pronghorns scored three unanswered goals to put Selkirk in a hole they could not dig themselves out of in the third.The intent of the first ever foray into CIS territory was to provide the Selkirk College players an intimate look at hockey at the university level. With five years of post-secondary eligibility available to players, one of the goals of the Saints’ program is to move players onto the next level to complete their studies and hockey careers.In that capacity, the weekend was a major victory for the Saints organization.”We learned a lot from our two games against U of L,” said Evin. “In Friday’s win, all of our details were magnified in our systems and our players did a good job of understanding and recognizing that. It was nice to see our group buy in and play a tremendous road game.”The Saints will now take a break for the exam/holiday season. They will return to action on January 9 and 10 at the Castlegar Recreation Complex where they will take on first place Trinity Western University. The Saints—who are two-time defending BCIHL champions—currently sit tied for third in the five-team league.
The first turning point of the game happened in the third end when Geall missed on his final attempt, allowing Cotter to steal one for a 2-0 lead.However, had Geall made that attempt, the rink would have scored four.“I think a quarter inch less curl and we would have scored four,” Geall lamented.“It was one of those situation in the game where we just came out on the wrong end of it.”The second turning point occurred in the eighth end when Geall again had the opportunity to steal a point after closing the gap to 4-3 with a deuce in the seventh.This time, however, Geall’s final stone was a bit heavy allowing Cotter to pull off the double takeout to score three and grab a 7-3 lead.“They had us in trouble there in the third end and if Sean makes that it could have been a different game . . . and he wasn’t far off,” Griffith explained.“He was only maybe an inch away from making that shot. But fortunately we got a couple of breaks — his rock came a little heavy in eight, and left Jimmy a great opportunity to score three.”Cotter & Company now have a few weeks off to prepare for Ottawa March 5-13.Griffith said the rink will return to a bit of normalcy, work and family life, but will be back on the rink training to represent BC in at the Tim Horton’s Brier.Which Geall believes the rink will do just fine.“They’re a classy bunch,” said Geall, who was at the Brier representing BC in 2009.“They’re a heck of a good team . . . they do a lot of things right and they’ll compete hard in a couple of weeks.”EXTRA END: Of course in any major event there are a few hiccups along with way. Saturday night, when Sportsnet was setting up to televise the final two game Sunday, a manlift used to install new glass in the lounge area, caused a huge crack in the ice. Icemakers worked until 5 a.m. Sunday morning to make sure the ice was ready for the final two games. . . .The final two games saw the best crowds of the week as curling fans from throughout the West Kootenay turned out to watch the best in BC.Story originate at The Nelson Daily There are going to be a lot of familiar faces at the 2016 Tim Horton’s Brier in Ottawa.And Jim Cotter is one of them.The Vernon skip reeled off six consecutive victories en route to his third consecutive BC Men’s title at the 2016 Canadian Direct Insurance Curling Championships Sunday night at the Nelson Curling Club.The clincher came in the final as Cotter, third Ryan Kuhn, second Tyrell Griffith and lead Rick Sawatsky defeated Sean Geall of New Westminster 7-6.“It feels great,” Cotter said following the victory. “I owe it all to my teammates. They are phenomenal guys who made a ton of shots, more shots than I made.”“It hasn’t really sunk in yet,” said second Tyrell Griffith.“We’ve been going through the process all week, but this feels phenomenal. Anytime you can win this event to go to represent your province is just amazing. And when that last rock hits that’s when you mind can kind of come off the game.”Sunday was the second time in as many days that Cotter had knocked off Geall, who advanced to the final by stopping Dean Joanisse of New Westminster 4-2 in the semi final earlier in the day.The Geall rink includes third Andrew Bilesky, Steve Kopf and lead Mark Olsen.Saturday, the score was 5-1 in favour of the Okanagan rink in the Page Playoff 1-2 contest after Cotter won the A event and Geall the B event.Sunday, Geall gave the defending champion all he could handle, coming within a few key shots of pulling off the upset.
(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Pollute, freeze, zap. Goal: “to better understand how life arose on Earth.”With pride instead of shame, Science Daily promoted the idea that modern scientists in high-tech labs, brewing organic molecules on ice and zapping them with lasers, are poised to announce to the world “How Life Arose On Earth.” They can’t be faulted with inventing the story, because it came right out of a press release from Jet Propulsion Laboratory that was promptly picked up the NASA astrobiology publicity crew at NASA-Ames in their Astrobiology Magazine.The convoluted tale goes something like this:In a new study published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters, the research team provides the first direct look at the organic chemistry that takes place on icy particles in the frigid reaches of our solar system, and in the even chillier places between stars. Scientists think that the basic ingredients of life, including water and organics, began their journey to Earth on these lonesome ice particles. The ice and organics would have found their way into comets and asteroids, which then fell to Earth, delivering “prebiotic” ingredients that could have jump-started life.The number of personifications in that story is astonishing: carbon soot molecules “found their way” onto comets, which fell to earth “delivering” ingredients that could have “jump-started life.” While true that organic (carbon-based) molecules have been found in comets and meteorites and interstellar dust, they are as far from life as alphabet letters from software.The remainder of the scenario provides neither necessary nor sufficient conditions for life. It also contradicts all the other scenarios from many others in the origin-of-life field about where the molecules came from (e.g., volcanoes, deep sea vents, shallow pools); only a minority consider special delivery from space a valid option. Nevertheless, that paragraph was followed by an understatement of the year, spun as a float in the scientific parade of progress:The various steps needed to go from icy organics to slime molds are not clear, but the new findings help explain how the process works.What is the empirical basis, if any, for the experiments? The “organic molecules” hyped are nothing more than poisons:The organics looked at in the study are called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs for short. These carbon-rich molecules can be found on Earth as combustion products: for example, in barbecue pits, candle soot and even streaming out of the tail pipe of your car.PAHs were described as “strong, stubborn molecules” later in the press release. It appears they are doing their best not to come alive, but by zapping them with lasers, the evolutionists coaxed some of them to break up and become other non-living carbon molecules. The article never did get around to explaining what any of this has to do with the origin of life.NASA-JPL and NASA-Ames are well known for pushing the poison-to-life myth – a colossal waste of taxpayer dollars. What have they learned in the 60 years since MIller and Urey entranced the logically illiterate with visions of Frankenstein sparks creating the “building blocks of life” in a completely unrealistic apparatus with unrealistic ingredients leading to irrelevant products? (5/02/2003) Nothing! How much more time do these modern alchemists deserve to be on the public dole?If you don’t believe it, listen to Robert Hazen wax eloquent about the vision in the Teaching Company’s lecture series, “Origins of Life.” Hazen’s skill as a teacher and his enthusiasm for the subject cannot rescue him from the obvious conclusion after the last lecture that evolutionists remain absolutely clueless how life got here. He describes several competing groups whose theories each falsify one another, none of them confirming one another. A circular firing squad does not lead to progress.What the purveyors of the OOL follies consistently fail to address in their haste to find the “building blocks” is the specified complexity these ingredients must produce. To visualize the problem, imagine jetliners dropping tons and tons of children’s ABC blocks into a hurricane. Building blocks (a misleading phrase pregnant with personification) are nothing without a builder. A builder can take a pile of building blocks and make something meaningful out of them. Random chance and natural law cannot. The meaning (semantics) of a sentence made out of ABC blocks is not inherent in the blocks; the sentence could just as well be written with chalk or with electrons on a cathode-ray tube. Without semantics, all this effort zapping icy soot with lasers is quite literally MEANINGLESS.In the new book The Magician’s Twin about C. S. Lewis’s ideas on evolution (highly recommended; you can download chapter 7 for free), Lewis comments on the logic of causes. He argues that the cause for a railroad train like England’s Rocket requires a greater cause than itself: “You have to go outside the sequence of engines, into the world of men, to find the real originator of the Rocket. Is it not equally reasonable to look outside Nature for the real Originator of the natural order?” As applied to OOL, one has to look not at the ingredients of life, but for the superior cause outside the ingredients that organized them into life. Otherwise, one has explained nothing at all – except the ability of human minds to use their intelligently-designed bodies to zap ice with intelligently-designed lasers.
Fifa president Sepp Blatter with the Kopanya – the official 2009 Confederations Cup ball, also designed by Adidas. (Image: Fifa) Adidas, the official supplier of gear to the South African Football Association, recently launched the official Bafana Bafana kit for the 2010 Fifa World Cup. (Image: World Soccer Shop) MEDIA CONTACTS • Deborah Miller Adidas South Africa +27 21 442 6200 RELATED ARTICLES • Football Fridays fever mounts • Flags fly for 32 World Cup teams • Global Fifa fan parks for 2010 • Get kitted for Football FridaysJanine Erasmus With 198 days to go until the first African Fifa World Cup kick-off, enthusiasm is mounting. Now global sportswear manufacturer Adidas is adding to the build-up with its newly launched Unite Mzansi Unite campaign.The project is aimed at uniting all South Africans in support of both the football tournament and national team Bafana Bafana. The word Mzansi is isiZulu for “south”, and is commonly used to refer to South Africa.Unite Mzansi Unite (UMU) is driven by the colour yellow – that is, the colour of Bafana Bafana’s official home jersey. South Africans are encouraged to step out in yellow and show their support of the home team.Adidas is the official supplier of football gear to the South African Football Association (Safa), and revealed the national team’s new World Cup kit earlier in November.Both the kit and the UMU drive were announced at this event, which took place in Newtown, Johannesburg. Former Bafana Bafana greats Marks Maponyane, Helman Mkhalele, Isaac Kungwane and Papi Khomane were there to represent the team.Support the team, sign the jerseyTo promote the campaign, the sportswear giant has created a huge replica of the official Bafana Bafana jersey, measuring 60m in length and 48m in width.The jersey is currently touring South Africa in a large, specially branded Adidas truck and will make stops in all nine host cities, as well as towns in between.The tour began at the headquarters of the South African Broadcasting Corporation in Auckland Park, Johannesburg, on 13 November, and is scheduled to end in May 2010, a month before the long-awaited tournament gets under way.About 300 stops have been planned in total. The tour visits Cape Town in December, where the final draw for the World Cup will take place alongside the unveiling of the official match ball, another Adidas design.A strong supporter of South African football, Adidas also designed the Kopanya, the official match ball of the 2009 Confederations Cup, which is viewed as a dress rehearsal for the World Cup.Adidas South Africa MD Gavin Cowley said that like the Kopanya, the World Cup ball had a name, but it would be kept secret for a while longer.“The World Cup official ball will be truly South African in colour and design,” he said.A part of historyAfter Cape Town the jersey heads to Port Elizabeth, Durban, Nelspruit, Kimberley, Rustenburg, Polokwane and Pretoria, ending its journey in Johannesburg.Deborah Miller, Adidas South Africa’s senior communications manager and UMU campaign head, said the call had gone out to all South Africans to show their support for the national team by signing the jersey when it is in their area.“By signing the giant jersey, you will become a part of history,” said Miller. “This is our World Cup – let’s host it with pride.”Fans who can’t make it in person will have the option of signing digitally online or via mobile, or at selected retail outlets. There are already over 9 500 signatures on the giant jersey.Bafana Bafana themselves signed the jersey when the tour stopped off in Bloemfontein in the Free State province a week after it left Johannesburg. The national team was there to play a friendly against Jamaica.Tour stops will coincide with other festivities such as football games on mini pitches and goal kicking competitions. A host of prizes will also be up for grabs.Supporters can keep track of the tour’s progress by following its Twitter stream. The official UMU website also provides a detailed itinerary.Advanced technologyThe design process for the new Bafana Bafana jersey took about two years, according to Safa.In addition to input from Safa and the team, Adidas South Africa played a prominent role in its creation.Football category manager at Adidas South Africa, Kevin Jooste, said: “We had to produce a jersey that unites the people of South Africa behind Bafana Bafana, and making the flag a prominent part of the jersey was the way to do it, as the flag unites all South Africans.”Two versions are available – the “TechTit” or tight-fitting look, and the “ForMotion” variant, which is designed to mould naturally to the body of the wearer, and features elements such as different combinations of fabrics for greater flexibility, and special stitching to prevent friction. Both versions come in long- and short-sleeved styles.Adidas’s TechFit Powerweb technology is also built into the shirt, which is lighter than a conventional shirt. This works by focusing energy produced by the muscles, to generate greater acceleration and power output. Adidas claims that wearing a Powerweb shirt and shorts increases a player’s power by 5.3%, with 0.8% increased endurance.The fabric also features so-called ClimaCool technology, which helps reduce heat and moisture build-up, keeping players comfortable on the pitch.This is the team’s 16th national jersey in the past 11 years. It made its debut on 14 November during another friendly match against Japan in the 2010 host city of Port Elizabeth. Fans can buy it from sports retailers around the country, and at various online stores.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Though it may seem counterproductive for one researcher to breed soybeans and another researcher to kill them, it is exactly this unique synergy of efforts that is taking place to benefit the profitability of Ohio soybean growers.“I am a soybean breeder and geneticist so I aim to develop cultivars with a good profile of disease resistance as well as good yield and good quality traits. A lot of the cultivars we develop are for the food grade industry so they need high protein and large seed size,” said Leah McHale, director the Ohio State University Soybean Breeding and Genetics Lab.“Then I try to kill what she develops, literally,” said Anne Dorrance, OSU Extension plant pathologist. “That is because we want it to grow in Ohio. Ohio has many soil types that are heavy clay and poorly drained so there are a plethora of problems. With that in mind, we screen for resistance in the lab trying to identify the lines that will hold up under Ohio’s tough conditions. We need to grow varieties that can stand up to a whole season to get a high yield and a profit at the end of the season. Especially in the low price years, it is really important to get the highest yield, and that is what it is all about.”Though they work at opposite ends of the soybean life cycle, both McHale and Dorrance are funded by Ohio Soybean Council checkoff dollars to bring a better soybean seed to the market for farmers to plant in their fields. There is tremendous cooperation required for success — even across completely separate areas of study — for the development of soybean genetics with a strong disease package.“We first have to identify what sources of resistance should be used. We have to identifwhere the starting point should be. The second part is that we go and develop these populations where we identify the genetic regions to find those markers that are associated with that source of resistance,” Dorrance said. “That facilitates not only the breeding that goes on here at Ohio State but there are also companies using that information as well in the development of their own cultivars.”In terms of the soybean breeding program at Ohio State, it has been a busy and successful year.“We released four cultivars this year, which is the most that we have released in any year since I have been here,” McHale said. “These came from disease screening that Anne had done. She screened hundreds of potential breeding lines for us and these four rose to the top as being the most resistant. They also have high yield and two of them are for the food grade market so they have high protein and other traits that are important for tofu production.“In our yield trials we do not always have the same disease pressure that you’d find on Ohio farms, that is where Anne comes in. We used to only send Anne the top yielding varieties for her to evaluate, but she was killing them all. Now we send her hundreds of lines and she goes through and screens all of those for resistance. We pick the best ones.”The key diseases being studied in Dorrance’s research include Phytophthora and Pythium.“In a year we are individually inoculating an acre of plants one by one — that is 180,000 to 220,000 plants. There are multiple things coming out of that effort,” Dorrance said. “We are identifying sources of resistance for future varieties and finding markers associated with the genes so companies can use that to identify genetic regions that are controlling the resistance in their lines. We have multiple purposes for everything we are doing.”Though they work on different OSU campuses, McHale and Dorrance regularly talk to stay informed about what is happening in their separate labs.“Everybody can’t be an expert on everything so I take on the breeding and genetics part and Anne takes on the pathology part. We are happy to be experts in our own fields and to benefit from each other,” McHale said. “We meet with each other regularly and work together well. We even finish each other’s sentences sometimes — I don’t hold it against her for killing my plants.”It takes this kind of teamwork and joint efforts across a wide range of research fields to create a complete portfolio of research to enhance overall soybean profitability. With this in mind, the decisions about what research should be funded to maximize the return on investment of the soybean checkoff require careful consideration.The funding decisions require a big picture view of the soybean industry, intimate knowledge of the challenges being faced in Ohio crop fields, and an understanding of the details of the specific research projects.“The whole process is driven by the Ohio Soybean Council Board. We have a request for proposals that goes out periodically to the research community in Ohio,” said Tom Fontana, Ohio Soybean Council director of research and education. “We also have a strategic plan where our farmer leaders develop what they think is important for soybean farmers in Ohio to maximize their profits. We try to address specific areas that will lead to improved soybean operations. We are looking at things like pests and diseases, genetics and breeding, and other yield limiting factors. Another important area is soil fertility and nutrient management. Then various researchers respond with proposals to address the strategic initiatives developed by our Board. Then the farmer Board members and staff review proposals and select the projects that will have the biggest impact for soybean farmers in the state of Ohio.”The input from the farmers on the Board is a crucial component of the process because they see what is happening in their fields and understand what problems are most in need of being addressed with checkoff dollars.“For example, the breeding program is focused on things that will help Ohio soybean farmers the most, like diseases and pests that are problems in Ohio and varieties that are useful in Ohio, such as food grade varieties that have been very lucrative for our farmers,” Fontana said. “Our funding goes to things like looking at soybean cyst nematode populations and research on Phytophthora. We need to understand what our problems are out there before we can really try to solve them.”One important goal is to fund a complimentary set of research efforts in Ohio that are not unnecessarily duplicative.“We try to make sure the research we are funding works together with nationally funded projects. One example is soybean aphids. The bulk of soybean aphid research comes from the North Central Soybean Research program where 12 states are involved. Aphids affect a wide number of those states and each state is working on its particular area of expertise to contribute to the whole region. We do not fund the same work that the United Soybean Board funds, but we fund some of the same researchers who are participating in United Soybean Board projects,” Fontana said. “There is a big push to eliminate redundancy in research through better communication and a research database that is being developed. With the database, if I get a proposal from here in Ohio I will be able to go and look to see if that same project is already being conducted somewhere else. While there are different climates, soil types and other factors that make some of theses types of studies in different areas valuable, there is also no sense in duplicating some studies either.”Avoiding duplication, and fostering synergy, maximizes the return on investment for soybean growers.“Our Board likes to leverage resources. You can do that with researchers working together in Ohio. They are also working with other researchers around the region in bigger projects that make sense and, in total, costs less in checkoff dollars,” Fontana said. “For example, Laura Lindsey, with OSU Extension, is working on yield and quality. She is looking at nutrients, fungicides and other inputs. She has been working on a number of specific things for that project, but she was already in the fields so she was also checking for insect pressure, disease levels, and other things. She gathered more data than for just her project and that helps other researchers like Anne Dorrance in plant pathology and Andy Michel in entomology. There is a whole team of soybean researchers in at OSU — we call them the soybean team — and they get together and talk about what they are doing and what they can do in the future.”As research results are finalized, the teamwork continues to put the findings to work in Ohio’s soybean fields. The Ohio Soybean Council works with OSU Extension and media outlets to turn the research into practical reality.“We work with Extension and others to disseminate the research and spread the word about what is happening,” Fontana said. “County Extension educators are often involved in this research and getting projects implemented in the counties in terms of field trials with farmer cooperators.”For much more, visit the Soybean Rewards web page at http://www.soyohio.org/council/for-ohio-farmers/soybean-rewards/.