first_imgMajor activities, like pre-registration, sourcing school supplies and clothing for the reopening of schools are in top gear as parents and potential students have commenced pre resumption activities. Many parents are financially unprepared for the opening of schools as, according to two new World Bank reports, the socio-economic impacts of the Ebola epidemic are far-reaching and persistent. While we have not completely extinguished Ebola Virus Disease from our communities, we are slowly and surely moving in the right direction. The strategy seems to be working and progress is being made.Notwithstanding significant progress made in the prevention and control of Ebola, let us be reminded that it’s still a critical time for Ebola response in Liberia. That Ebola Virus must and should be eradicated from our community should be our number one priority is not an overstatement; we need to be forward looking in ensuring an Ebola-free Liberia.According to Marie-Paule Kieny, WHO Assistant Director-General, Health Systems and Innovation, “countries need to create resilient integrated systems that can be responsive and proactive to any future threat.Governments that have flouted their obligations at the onset of the Ebola outbreak, now have the opportunity to put in place sufficient integrated health and education systems to guarantee health and safety of school children. The key to stopping the further spread of Ebola Virus Disease is vigilance and not complacency. The EVD should not only change political attitudes but school curriculum and systems.It is our view, as peace messengers that the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Health work together in preparation of the reopening of schools in Liberia. Preparation should include the training of school teachers, auxiliary workers, food vendors in the prevention and control of EVD. These cadres of teachers should in turn be required to train selected students in the screening, identification and education activities within the school and community environment.Other forward looking interventions in the fight against Ebola should incorporate standard hygiene kits requirement for schools, provision of thermoflashes and family kits such as food, clothes and hygiene materials for orphans returning to schools. Health clinics and centers (both public and private) should be assigned to schools to deal with emergency situations and school children with Ebola like symptoms. We need to ensure access to reliable health facilities as we look forward to stamping out Ebola from Liberia.The payment of teachers’ salaries remains a major challenge that should be addressed before schools are opened. Goodwill should be made to ensure the payment of wages to our teachers, who like the health workers and community volunteers, would now be at the forefront of the fight against EVD.Private partnership and non-governmental sectors’ involvement in the reopening of schools is critical at this point for school children and for households. Forging a partnership between government and private sector to promote health education in schools would be equally critical.We need to continue community education programme and at the same time intensify media outreach programme. Messengers of Peace, as part of its strategic plan would mobilize its over one thousand volunteer peace messengers in various peace clubs to commence school education programme on Ebola.Our focus for this year would be on the meaningful engagement of young people in the fight against Ebola. School children at various levels should be encouraged and motivated to tell their stories through articles and at public forums. The purpose of this integrated programme on peacebuilding and school health education programme on Ebola is to build resilience amongst school children and young adults.We need to know how far have we come and how much more remains to be done.On the global level, MOP-Liberia takes this opportunity to condemn the killing of 17 people by three gunmen. We express our condolences to the people of the Republic of France and to the families of journalists killed by the terrorists.  We believe in the freedoms of expression and of the press and, most importantly, in peaceful co-existence of mankind. There is nothing that we cannot achieve through dialogue. Killing in the name of provocation is barbaric. Respect for human values and dignity should be the duty of all.Next week, we will discuss “Unfinished Business”.  Until then, Peace First, Peace above all else, May Peace prevail on earth.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Meet the AFL’s New Brass and the Men who Made It Happen

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9-year-old crushed to death

first_img…in car accident at orphanageA mother is blaming the system for the death of her nine-year-old daughter who was killed in an accident at an orphanage in Berbice.Dead is Neena Blaire, nine years old, formally of Edingburg, East Bank Berbice, Region Six (East Berbice-Corentyne). At the time of the accident, Blaire was at the Alpha Children’s Home located at 34 Gay Park, Greater New Amsterdam.According to reports, the little girl was playing in the front yard on Christmas Eve when a male teenager, who also resides at the home, started one of the two cars which was parked in the facility’s compound.Dead: Neena BlaireThe teen allegedly drove the car around the yard and at some point, put the vehicle in reverse. However, instead of pressing the brake, he put his foot on the accelerator. Reports are that the vehicle hit Blaire and she fell.The child, not seriously injured, got up but as the car continued to reverse, it hit out one of the banisters on the step and one of the spindles hit the child to the ground. The banister then fell, crushing the nine-year-old.Guyana Times understands that the caretaker of the home was out at the time of the accident.The child was rushed to the New Amsterdam Hospital in a taxi.Neena Blaire and her two sisters were placed in the Alpha Children’s Home after the Child Care and Protection Agency (CCPA) got involved following reports in the media of alleged child neglect.The dead girl’s mother, Venus Lalloo, also called “Anita”, was placed before the court for child neglect. The mother of 13 was fined $350,000 with an alternative of six months imprisonment. Four of her children were removed from her, including a baby.Lalloo could not pay the fine and was imprisoned. However, the Social Protection Ministry intervened and after three weeks, the fine was paid and the domestic worker was released from prison.Speaking with Guyana Times, the distraught mother said she was working when two persons from the CCPA came to her place of work and told her that they had some sad news for her.According to Lalloo, when she saw the officers from the Agency, she was of the view that they were there to talk to her about her baby, which was expected to be reunited with her. She said it was also one of her daughters’ birthday and she was expecting good news.“I blame the Child Protection Agency and the whole system for putting me in jail for something that was not so and for taking away the children. They did not listen to me at the Child Protection Agency; now they come to tell me that my child that they take from me dead. When they tell me that she pass away in Georgetown, I start to holler and the lady from upstairs run downstairs because I start to hit the post,” the frustrated mother said.Meanwhile, when this publication contacted one of the caretakers of Alpha Home, she declined to offer a comment, only saying that she was very traumatised by what happened. “I am not in the frame of mind to say anything on the matter. The keys were apparently left in the vehicle for some time now, waiting on the mechanic to come and fix it.”According to a Police source, the teenage boy is currently in Police custody assisting with investigations. Meanwhile, a post-mortem examination is expected to be performed on Blaire’s body this morning. (Andrew Carmichael)last_img read more

Poor infrastructure adding to rice farmers’ woes

first_img…as over 1000 acres remain uncultivated in Region 2By Lakhram BhagiratFor years, rice farmers have been battling fluctuating paddy prices, crop infestation, flooded rice fields and a whole host of other issues, but for the farmers in Region Two (Pomeroon-Supenaam), those issues seem never-ending and to add to that, they have to now battle the poor infrastructure to cultivate and access their fields.Regional Vice Chairperson Nandranie Coonjah explained that the farmers have been complaining about the lack of maintenance of the roads leading into their farms, saying very little is being done to assist them at the national level. She explained that currently, there are over 35,000 acres of rice under cultivation in the region, noting that this number represented a decline of over 1000 acres.“Over 1000 acres… the farmers did not go into the fields. This is because of bad lands. Bad lands is a spill off of the intrusion of salt water from the previous crop. So after salt water came into the rice land, they had lots of acres that were burnt so the farmers went back for one crop to plow and sow again. When they did this they came in very late so at the time of harvesting, they reaped late and the land damaged up so they could not have gone in back. The farmers are also calling for some intervention from the Government because nothing is being done to assist them,” she related.She further related that the National Drainage and Irrigation Authority (NDIA) has been of tremendous help to the farmers in maintaining the drainage channels and providing technical support. However, Coonjah added there is only so much the Authority could do, hence the reason she would have made representation to the Communities Ministry for the provision of two excavators to aid the work of the NDIA to boost the region’s capacity.“The NDIA is not agreeing to work in undeclared areas and the farmers in the undeclared area have our concerns because they have a right to a livelihood, the region doesn’t have the capacity. We have to wait to see if we get the excavator but we saw nothing in the (2018) budget,” Coonjah related.The Regional Vice Chairperson explained that undeclared areas refer to areas not in the control of the regional administration.Rice farmers have since complained of the region’s inability to properly manage the dams that access their farmlands. On a visit to the region, several of the dams were in deplorable conditions, as farmers were forced to use the already badly deteriorated dams to spray insecticides on their growing rice plants.The farmers are also calling for increased cooperation with the Guyana Rice Development Board (GRDB) to tackle the production and protection aspects of their crop. Additionally, they related that they would like to see more emphasis being place on the development of the rice industry.“We can produce the rice, but we don’t have the market for it and that is what affecting us and we got to work together man,” farmer Mohindra Persaud told this newspaper.To further cement the farmers’ plight, Regional Chairman Devanand Ramdatt said more that 80 per cent of the region’s 50,000 plus residents are directly or indirectly connected to the rice industry. He noted that the disparity in the prices for paddy is one of the major contributing factors for the lack of motivation for rice farmers to return to the fields.“Before 2015 and the early part of 2015, the price per bag of paddy was around $3500 and now it has reduced significantly. It is around $2200 and below. I’ve personally had discussions with the Minister of Agriculture asking him to have more interactions with our rice farmers of this region so that we can have more farmers or have a clearer understanding of what is happening in the industry and maybe potentials for the industry to be further enhanced and developed,” he explained.He noted that despite his request, the Agriculture Minister visited the region no more than three occasions in the past year, despite it being one of Guyana’s premiere agricultural regions.“We need to develop strategies to address in the first case the issue affecting the rice sector and here is where the Ministry with responsibility for agriculture and the Guyana Rice Development Board, they need to meaningfully engage all key stakeholders so that we may have a very clear understanding as to where the future of this industry is going,” Ramdatt added.Finance Minister Winston Jordan in his 2018 Budget presentation noted that the rice industry was expected to record an output of 602,087 tonnes for 2017, an increase of 12.7 per cent over 2016. He credited the increase mainly to an additional 14,000 hectares planted for the 2017 spring crop and a further 74,481 hectares planted in the autumn crop.last_img read more


first_imgLetterkenny Courthouse.A mechanic who received and stored stolen goods from burglaries across Donegal has been sentenced to 18 months in prison.Kamil Luniewski rented a lock-up shed in Termon from which stolen goods were brought and which he paid cash for.Luniewski would then take the goods, often scrap metal, to an unsuspecting Letterkenny dealer where he would receive payment. In total he took NINE trailer loads of scrap metal to the dealer in a short period of time.However, when the Polish national brought a car door to the dealer in Letterkenny, it was subsequently found that it was stolen when another man tried to buy it.Gardai then traced Luniewski and put his premises under surveillance.Details of the elaborate Garda operation were given at Letterkenny Circuit Court yesterday when Luniewski faced six charges of handling stolen goods..Garda Gerard Dalton told the court how there had been a number of burglaries around the time in the Carrigart and Creeslough areas between November 2013 and February, 2014.As well as the theft of tools, a large number of copper cylinder boilers were ripped out of houses leaving many homes flooded.When Gardai raided the lock-up rented by the accused on January 28th, they found tools and also boilers stolen in various burglaries.Luniewski was interviewed by Gardai and subsequently made admissions to buying the goods.His barrister Fiona Crawford told the court that her client knew deep down that the deals were too good to be true and that he now felt like an idiot.She said her client was now in a relationship and was working for his sister in her wholesale business in Bridgend and was taking the case “on the chin.”The accused had €2,200 in court by way of compensation to his victims.Judge John O’Hagan said that while the accused was charged with handling stolen goods, he stressed that if there were no ‘handlers or receivers’ then there would be no thefts.He added that this was the most important person in a burglary as it is the person who goes and gets the money and added that Luniewski was “put to his neck in it.”He sentenced the accused to 3 years for each offence to run concurrently but ordered that 18 months be taken off the sentence for the plea.Luniewski was led away in handcuffs as his girlfriend cried at the back of the court.MECHANIC WHO STORED STOLEN GOODS IN RENTED LOCK-UP IS JAILED was last modified: April 28th, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:courtdonegalSCRAP METALlast_img read more

It’s all aboard Air Force One at new Reagan Library exhibit

first_imgSIMI VALLEY – Hundreds lined up Monday at the Ronald Reagan Library to climb aboard the blue-and-white Boeing 707 that traveled more than a million miles as it served as Air Force One for seven U.S. presidents. Close to 1,600 people visited the hilltop library for their first look at the museum’s newest addition: the Air Force One Pavilion, featuring the gleaming jet. While there, patrons toured the three-story facility, strolling past a Marine One helicopter, a presidential motorcade and a re-created Irish pub. But the biggest attraction of the day – the first time the exhibit has been open to the public – was Air Force One, suspended from the ceiling and giving the illusion of flying as it faces a huge glass wall. “Ronald Reagan made me proud to be an American,” he said minutes after stepping out of the aircraft. “I’m proud to be on his airplane. I want to be part of this. “Imagine the history on that plane. It gives me goose bumps to actually look in there and say, ‘The president of the United States, who is the most powerful person in the world, sat here and made some major decisions here.’ He changed the world.” The jet was used by Presidents Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Clinton and George W. Bush from 1973-2001. After Reagan’s eight years, it was a backup plane to the Boeing 747 that replaced it. Inside the 707, visitors see personal Reagan artifacts, including his well-worn flight jacket, handwritten letters and jars of his favorite jelly beans. They walk past the cockpit and conference rooms of the commander-in-chief’s “Flying White House.” Richard Gagne of Ventura and his 18-year-old son, Mark, called the newest addition to the library “spectacular.” “It’s something you don’t see anywhere else,” Mark Gagne said. “It’s one of those unique things, unique features that I’m fortunate to have in my backyard.” The pair, who often take father-and-son trips, said they have visited the Cold War Museum in Arizona, the Richard Nixon Library in Yorba Linda and the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum in Michigan. But none comes close to the Reagan Library with its artifacts, photographs and now this giant aircraft, they said. “It’s history,” Richard Gagne said. Maria Zamora of Agua Dulce was at a loss for words. “It’s awesome,” she said, “simply beautiful.” Angie Valencia-Martinez, (805) 583-7604 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week “How often do you have the opportunity to walk through a plane where past presidents have shaped U.S. and foreign policies?” said Stephanie Halpert, 22, of Chatsworth. “It was eye-opening.” The 87,000-square-foot addition to the Reagan Presidential Library and Museum in Simi Valley was four years in the making. The $32 million pavilion was paid for through private donations. Reagan dreamed of one day sharing the aircraft with the people at the library that bears his name. Although the retired airplane was used by six other presidents, including President George W. Bush, it was Reagan who made most use of it – logging more than 630,000 miles and traveling to 26 countries. Markus Korpi flew to California from Phoenix for a one-day visit to pay tribute to his favorite president. last_img read more

Court denies Williams’ appeal

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBlues bury Kings early with four first-period goals 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! SAN FRANCISCO – Crips co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams lost another bid before the California Supreme Court when the justices unanimously ruled late Sunday not to reopen his case and block his Tuesday execution by lethal injection.The high court ruled 6-0, and said the last-minute appeal lacked merit and was untimely as well, meaning Williams will be executed unless Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger grants clemency or an anticipated last-ditch federal appeal is successful.California’s justices days ago also turned down a similar appeal from Williams, who is scheduled to be the 12th condemned inmate executed since state lawmakers reinstated the death penalty in 1977 after a brief hiatus.State prosecutors implored the justices early Sunday to dismiss Williams’ latest petition to block his Tuesday execution for murdering four people in 1979.The stay request filed on Williams’ behalf “is without merit and is manifestly designed for delay,” Deputy Attorney General Lisa Brault wrote the justices.Brault’s brief came hours after a lawyer for Williams, 51, urged the state Supreme Court to call off the Crips co-founder’s upcoming death contending Williams should have been allowed to argue at his 1981 Los Angeles County trial that someone else killed one of his four alleged victims.The petition, by Pasadena attorney Verna Wefald, also challenged the validity of all four of Williams’ capital murder convictions. The justices days ago denied a request by Wefald to reopen the case based on allegations that shoddy forensics linked a weapon used in three of the murders to a shotgun registered to Williams.As the last-minute legal maneuvering continued, defense lawyers awaited Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger’s decision today on whether he would grant Williams clemency. They have asked the governor to spare the condemned man’s life with the claim that Williams, who has written several children’s books extolling the evils of gang life, has redeemed himself during 24 years at San Quentin State Prison.Schwarzenegger has denied clemency to two other prisoners since he was elected in 2003, but said last week he was agonizing over what to do in the Williams case. The last California governor to grant clemency was Ronald Reagan, who spared a mentally ill killer in 1967.Williams was convicted of shooting Albert Owens to death during a convenience store robbery on Feb. 27, 1979. He also was convicted of the March 11, 1979, murders of motel owners Yen-I Yang and Tsai-Shai Chen Yang and their daughter, Yu Chin Yang Lin, at a South Los Angeles motel.Williams and his three accomplices got away with $120 from the Whittier convenience store.Owens was shot twice in the back with a shotgun as he was lying face-down on the floor.An accomplice who later turned witness heard Williams say, “You should have heard the way he sounded when I shot him.” Williams made gurgling or growling noises then laughed.Sgt. Richard Longshore was a patrol sergeant at the sheriff’s Lennox station when the Yangs and their daughter were killed on March 11, 1979. The robbery netted Williams about $100.“We got the call at 5:30 in the morning. I’ve seen an awful lot in 36 years but this was one that stuck with me. Just the sheer brutality,” said Longshore, who now works for the department’s Homicide Bureau.Inside the Brookhaven Motel, he saw 76-year-old Yen-I Yang, 63-year-old Tsai-Shai Chen Yang and their 43-year-old daughter, Yu Chin Yang Lin. They had been shot with a shotgun at close range.“All three were together. It was a very small room. Dad was on the couch. Mother and daughter huddled on the floor,” Longshore said.“He did it because he enjoyed (it) and didn’t want any witnesses. This guy killed four people in 11 days for less than $200.”Should Williams die?“My response is the jury found it appropriate when he was tried and the court upheld that. You hear about the hiker being killed by a bear and they hunt and kill the bear for being a bear. Williams killed four people in 11 days for less than $200. What does that make him?”Williams denies committing the murders but has apologized for co-founding the Crips, a gang prosecutors blamed for thousands of murders.Staff Writer Ruby Gonzales contributed to this report.last_img read more


first_imgHSE National Breastfeeding Week starts today with this year’s theme is ‘Every Breastfeed Makes a Difference’.Five out of every 10 babies born in Ireland are being breastfed on leaving hospital.This compares with eight out of every 10 in the UK. Across Europe on average nine out of every 10 babies born are breastfed, with almost all babies born in Norway, Denmark and Sweden being breastfed. By three months, four in 10 babies in Ireland are breastfed. Breastfeeding protects the health of babies and their mothers and breastfeeding is important for healthy growth and development. It gives babies all the nutrients they need for the first six months of life and protects them against infection and disease.Children who are not breastfed are more likely to develop:§ ear, nose and throat infections,§ gastroenteritis, kidney and chest infections, § asthma,§ obesity and diabetes.Breastfeeding is important for the health of children and mothers, with every breastfeed making a difference. The first few days of breastfeeding provide antibodies that give natural immunity and protect baby from infection. Colostrum contains nutrients and large amounts of antibodies to protect against infections. It is extremely easy to digest and protects baby’s digestive system.Breastfeeding for the first two weeks, helps mums and baby to bond and establish feeding. Breast milk changes to meet baby’s needs and to provide all his nutrients. It protects baby’s digestive system and contains unique components which aid the immune system and protect from infection.There is a direct correlation between the duration of breastfeeding and protection against many illnesses and infections with greater protection provided the longer a mother breastfeeds. Breastfeeding for the first month for example reduces the risk of respiratory tract infections by 27%, with every extra month of breastfeeding further reducing risk of illness from infections. Any breastfeeding helps to reduce the risk of ear infection by 23%, with a risk reduction of 50% if breastfeeding continues for 3 months (7). Breastfeeding is associated with a 36% reduction in risk of SIDS compared to not breastfeeding.Breastfeeding for at least three months is associated a reduced risk of asthma and diabetes. With a 40% reduction in risk of asthma in children where there is a family history and the risk of childhood Type One diabetes reduced by 27%.Risk of hospitalisation from lower respiratory tract infection is 72% lower in infants who are exclusively breastfed for more than 4 months. Irish research has shown that children breastfed for 3-6 months have 38% less risk of obesity at age 9. Breastfeeding for 6 months or longer leads to 51% reduction.Breastfeeding for at least six months is associated with a 19% risk reduction of childhood acute lymphocytic leukaemia and 15% risk reduction in childhood acute myelogenous leukaemia. Risks of chest infections, ear, nose and throat infections, gastroenteritis, and childhood obesity are all greatly reduced. Continuing to breastfeed while introducing small amounts of foods with gluten helps to protect against coeliac disease. For mothers breastfeeding helps protect against ovarian and breast cancer as well as helping them to achieve and maintain a healthy post-pregnancy weight.The HSE’s National Breastfeeding Co-ordinator Siobhan Hourigan emphasised the importance of support groups for breastfeeding Mums.She said: ‘We know that breastfeeding is important for the health of children and mothers, with every breastfeed making a difference. But every breastfeed also brings a mum closer to her personal breastfeeding goals.’She added: ‘’Many Irish mothers do not reach their breastfeeding goals and stop breastfeeding sooner than planned. We know support can help mums to breastfeed for longer. There are nearly 200 support groups throughout the county and contact details are available on www.breastfeeding.ieSome mums plan to breastfeed for weeks, some for months and some for years. All breastfeeding is worthwhile and every breastfeed makes a difference.Hourigan added: ‘‘I would encourage mums to try to breastfeed as long as you can. It helps to link with supports, to find out what to expect and to get help if you need it.’’The Department of Health and HSE recommend exclusive breastfeeding of infants for the first six months, after which mothers are recommended to continue to breastfeed as solid foods are introduced for up to two years or beyond.To mark National Breastfeeding Week there are events taking place across Donegal, including:Event – Breastfeeding ChallengeWhen – Saturday 5th October 2013 10am – 12 noon (main event at 11am)Where – Spraoi agus Sport, Carndonagh, Co. Donegal.Contact –Helen, challenge@friendsofbreastfeeding.ieEvent – Breastfeeding ChallengeWhen – Saturday 5th October 2013 10am – 12 noon (main event at 11am)Where – Letterkenny (TBC)Contact – challenge@friendsofbreastfeeding.ieEvent – HSE Letterkenny General – Public Awareness StandWhen – Thursday 03 October 2013 12 noon – 3pmWhere – Letterkenny Shopping CentreEvent – La Leche League Donegal Town: Coffee MorningWhen – Friday 4th October 2013 10am to 12 noonWhere – Abbey Hotel, The Diamond Donegal TownBreastfeeding support groups are provided by HSE Public Health Nurses, La Leche League and Cuidiu – Irish Childbirth Trust around the country. Women can attend for support and the opportunity to meet other mothers. Other health professionals including Midwives, GPs, Practice Nurses and Dieticians also provide one-to-one information and support. For details of support in your county log on to or call the HSE Infoline 1850 24 1850.Breastfeeding support is also provided by voluntary organisations such as La Leche League Cuidiú – Irish Childbirth Trust and Friends of Breastfeeding www.friendsofbreastfeeding.ieHEALTH: SERIES OF EVENTS IN DONEGAL FOR BREASTFEEDING WEEK was last modified: October 1st, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegaleventsHSEnational breastfeeding weeklast_img read more

Crusaders bow out, drop semifinal match to Calistoga

first_imgThe Calistoga Wildcats traveled up to Eureka to play the St. Bernard’s Crusaders and were not swayed from their path to the Division VI championship game as they beat the Crusaders 3-1 (25-13, 20-25, 25-16, 25-20) in the semifinal round of the North Coast Section playoffs, Wednesday night at St. Bernard’s High.“They’ve really wanted this,” Wildcats coach T’Anne Butcher said. “They’ve been fighting for it. They just played like champions.”No. 8 Calistoga (12-9) came out strong in the first set …last_img

Is the Evolution of Bacterial Resistance a Just-So Story?

first_imgEvolutionists frequently point to the emergence of bacterial resistance to antibiotics as an example of Darwinian evolution occurring right under our noses.  Bruce R. Levin of Emory University, writing in the Sept. 10 issue of Science,1 is not so sure about that.  He points out that cells might just have a built-in mechanism to shut down growth and reproduction in times of stress (the SOS response), to minimize the damage from toxins in the environment.  He points to two studies in the same issue that indicate how noninherited resistance to antibiotics can be generated without reference to Darwinian natural selection.    What’s more interesting in his report is his rebuke against fellow Darwinists who leap to unsubstantiated tales of evolution to explain how these mechanisms come about.  His final paragraph states:It is easy to concoct just-so stories to explain the evolution of a mechanism that, like the SOS response, produces quiescent cells that are refractory to lethal agents.  Yet it seems unlikely that ampicillin was the original selective force responsible for the evolution of the induction mechanism observed by Miller and colleagues.  A bigger challenge to those in the evolution business is to account for the generation of lower fitness cell types when they do not provide an advantage to the collective, like the persisters of Balaban et al. in the absence of antibiotics.  Then again, just like people, bacteria do some seemingly perverse things that are not easy to account for by simple stories of adaptive evolution. (Emphasis added in all quotes.)1Bruce R. Levin, “Microbiology: Noninherited Resistance to Antibiotics,” Science, Vol 305, Issue 5690, 1578-1579, 10 September 2004, [DOI: 10.1126/science.1103077].Thank you, Dr. Levin, for your well-aimed rebuke to the Darwin Party.  So you see, it is not only creationists who accuse the Darwinists of laziness in concocting just-so stories whenever a phenomenon presents itself.  One might almost think Levin is a secret reader of Creation-Evolution Headlines.  We agree; if you want just-so stories, read Kipling, not Science.    It might be noted that perversity is in the eye of the beholder.  Levin says that “bacteria do some seemingly perverse things that are not easy to account for by simple stories of adaptive evolution.”  To the bacteria, it might be that the Darwinians are the perverse ones.  They might be complaining, “these lazy storytellers dishonor us by claiming to be our descendants.” (Visited 19 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more