Inspired by fellow Harvard professor and author Louis Menand, Bemis Professor of International Law Noah Feldman penned a gripping history of four of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s most prominent, and turbulent, Supreme Court justices.“I wanted to try my hand at writing an intellectual history of the Constitution through the stories of the people who shaped it in the middle of the 20th century,” said Feldman, who focused on justices Felix Frankfurter, Hugo Black, Robert Jackson, and William O. Douglas.Their story, depicted in Feldman’s “Scorpions: The Battles and Triumphs of FDR’s Great Supreme Court Justices,” plays out like a political soap opera.“Chosen by FDR as liberals who had attacked Wall Street and supported the New Deal, these justices all believed Congress should be allowed to pass reform legislation without interference from the Supreme Court — the big constitutional question of the 1930s,” explained Feldman. “But as they confronted civil liberties and civil rights during and after the war, they splintered: Frankfurter and Jackson favored restraint, while Black and Douglas embraced activism. At the same time, their personal relationships fell apart, and they began to hate each other.”Although the “scorpions” (dubbed so after “nine scorpions in a bottle,” Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.’s reputed quote about the Supreme Court) splintered ideologically, and disagreed on how the Constitution should be interpreted, they came together to end the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II, to revoke President Truman’s nationalization of American steel mills, and to end school segregation with their pivotal ruling in Brown v. Board of Education.“I was amazed by the personal intensity with which the justices pursued their beliefs and views,” said Feldman. “They really believed that the future of the republic was at stake. This is reflected not only in the intensity of their judicial rhetoric — much harsher than today — but also in the way they continued to participate in the affairs of the executive branch and the greater world. Robert Jackson even took a leave of absence from the courts to become chief prosecutor at Nuremberg — almost unimaginable today.”Nevertheless, today’s court faces some similar challenges, noted Feldman. “These justices came on the bench at a time when the Supreme Court was inventing new constitutional rights to protect corporations. There is a recurrence of this tendency today, as in the Citizens United decision, which extended to for-profit corporations the same free-speech rights as those accorded private individuals in the election context. So there is a parallel there.”But, Feldman discerns, personality-wise, that these justices were radically unlike today’s crop.“They were self-made, ambitious, political, and intellectually bold. They had made mistakes before going on the bench; none could have been confirmed under today’s standards. Yet they achieved constitutional greatness as a result of these qualities that today would be disqualifying.”
London is expected to lose third place in the rankings for 2019, ahead of Macau and Singapore. On the other hand, Paris will take advantage of any difference of visitors from the United Kingdom. Although intraregional travel is stable, arrivals from Asian markets, such as China and Japan, have outpaced the increase in visitors from the region. Intraregional travel remains the largest source of tourism, with almost 80 percent of travelers traveling within the region. This is the result of a strong regulatory framework and travel policies that make travel easier within the European Union and the Schengen area, which includes 26 European countries. Road and transport infrastructure in Europe is one of the strongest in the world. There are 853 airports in the region. The high-quality and wide rail and road network in Europe further facilitates intra-regional tourism. Europe is the second fastest growing regional destination after Asia and has recorded the largest number of arrivals in the world, according to the results of the report “Top 100 urban destinations 2018” by Euromonitor. Travelers are looking for newer, more localized experiences and less crowds, which makes these destinations desirable. The popularity and increased number of low-cost carriers to these destinations have also favored growth. London retained third place in the ranking of “Top 100 city destinations”, despite the decline in the number of arrivals due to Brexit. However, the future of the travel market in the UK remains uncertain, especially if visa restrictions are tightened as it will lose a lot of visitors from the European Union. While traditional locations such as Milan, Berlin and Vienna have fallen in the rankings due to lower visitor interest, destinations such as Croatia, Slovenia and Sweden are climbing upwards. You can find the full report HERE. Key cities in Turkey are continuously climbing the ladder to improve security and devalue the Turkish lira, making Turkey an attractive European destination “for everyone’s pocket”. Source / photo: Euromonitor
Young feels the process has been assisted by the welcoming reception Mata has received from his new team-mates. “Juan looked like he had been here for years,” he said. “He had only been training for two days and it was his first game but he has gelled straight away. “There is a great team spirit here. There are some great characters and the banter is brilliant. I have never experienced anything like it. “When he has fully settled in he will add something special to the squad.” Without even trying though, Mata has provided the spark United so desperately needed. As Phil Jones pointed out, his team-mates are already trying to impress the new boy and Young confirmed the dressing room seems a slightly more positive place. “It has lifted everyone; the fans, the staff and the players,” he said. Juan Mata has made a seamless transition into the Manchester United dressing room, according to Ashley Young. Press Association Even though the Spain star only completed his club record £37.1million move from Chelsea on Saturday, manager David Moyes still felt confident enough in him to start Tuesday’s Premier League encounter with Cardiff. Although Mata was not at his very best, the early signs were encouraging and United’s 2-0 win very welcome given the difficulties they have endured this season. “Obviously, as it is the transfer window, you are wondering who is coming in and what is going on. When you see a player like Juan Mata coming in it is fantastic. “He is one of those world-class players who can fit into any team.” Young’s response was a positive one. Whilst it seems fellow wide man Nani might be heading for a loan spell at Inter Milan, having failed to find the form that persuaded Moyes to hand him a new five-year contract as recently as September, Young sparkled on Tuesday, drilling home an impressive second-half goal that wrapped up the win. “It was not too bad,” said Young. “You have to be on the ball. You have to put in performances every week. It keeps you on your toes. “Manchester United has a big squad, we can rotate the team. It ensures you keep wanting to play well, wanting to train well. “That is the only way to keep yourself in the team and in the manager’s thoughts.”
A Pittsburgh Steelers fan laughs beside a Cleveland Browns fan in the fourth quarter of an NFL football game Sunday, Nov. 24, 2013. Pittsburgh won 27-11. (AP Photo/David Richard)CLEVELAND (AP) – Their horrendous start has long been forgotten, erased with an equally unexpected turnaround.The Steelers are in contention, right back where they belong. The playoffs are possible.Ben Roethlisberger threw touchdown passes to Antonio Brown and Emmanuel Sanders and beat Cleveland for the 16th time as Pittsburgh, which opened the season with four straight losses, pushed deeper into the postseason picture with a 27-11 win over the Browns on Sunday.The Steelers (5-6) have climbed back with a one-game-at-a-time philosophy that they’re not about to abandon.“I’m not looking around,” Roethlisberger said, quickly dismissing any postseason speculation. “It’s all about focus. This game is over now. That’s all we can control.”Pittsburgh Steelers wide receiver Antonio Brown (84) catches a 41-yard touchdown against Cleveland Browns cornerback Joe Haden (23) in the second quarter of an NFL football game on Sunday, Nov. 24, 2013, in Cleveland. (AP Photo/Tony Dejak)Roethlisberger connected on a 41-yard TD pass to Brown in the first half, and hit Sanders on a 4-yarder in the third quarter for the Steelers, who only have a few days to get ready for a Thanksgiving game at Baltimore – a matchup that didn’t look as if it would be very meaningful a few weeks back.Roethlisberger finished 22 of 34 for 217 yards and improved to 16-1 against the Browns (4-7), who have lost five of six and seen a promising season turn into yet another miserable one.An Ohio native, Roethlisberger relishes beating a team from his home state.