Chairwoman of the New York State Senate Education Committee says libraries have been an essential part of the community since the beginning of the pandemic. The Southern Tier will receive $1,732,024 to go towards financing new construction projects. Interim Commissioner Betty A. Rosa says libraries give communities constant access to updated resources. “Libraries give entire communities the resources they need to thrive by providing access to broadband and are natural partners in education,” Interim Commissioner Rosa said. “New Yorkers will also be able to use these updated resources for better access to healthcare, workforce resources, social services, financial institutions and goods and services.” “COVID has made it clearer than ever that our public libraries are essential community centers and trusted sources of information. Throughout the pandemic, our libraries adapted and shifted their services online to remain essential centers for our communities,” Chairwoman of the New York State Senate Education Committee Shelley B. Mayer said in a statement sent to 12 News. (WBNG) — The New York State Department of Education announced they awarded $34 million in aid to 232 public libraries across the state to support construction and renovation projects. The department of education says the money will go towards creating new buildings or additions, update electrical wiring and computer technology, improve broadband infrastructure, renovate facilities to provide accessibility to disabled users and more.
Milwaukee Brewers starter Dave Bush was struck on the arm by a line drive off the bat of Florida\’s Hanley Ramirez in the first inning Thursday of the team\’s 4-3 loss.[/media-credit]MIAMI (AP) — Winning a game with his arm was nothing unusual for Josh Johnson. Hitting a big home run was.Johnson hit a three-run shot for his first career homer and pitched into the eighth inning Thursday night, leading the Florida Marlins to a 4-3 victory over the Milwaukee Brewers.“I kind of ran into a ball and got pretty lucky,” Johnson said. “But I’ll take it.”John Baker had an RBI single in a four-run fourth for the Marlins, who took three of four from the Brewers. Milwaukee dropped into a first-place tie with St. Louis atop the NL Central.Johnson (5-1) allowed two runs and five hits in 7 2-3 innings. He walked one, struck out eight and hit a batter with a pitch in earning his first home victory since April 12.He connected off Dave Bush (3-2) in the fourth to give Florida a 4-1 lead.“I saw (center fielder Mike) Cameron running and I said, ‘Please, drop … do something,’” Johnson said. “As soon as I saw him get to the fence I was like, ‘OK, I got it.’”Johnson earned a curtain call from the crowd of 11,623 but needed to be pushed out of the dugout by his teammates.“Pretty much everyone in the dugout was laughing or smiling, one of the two,” he said.Jorge Cantu led off the inning with a double into the left-field corner. He held at second when Jeremy Hermida reached on an infield single to shortstop. After Cantu went to third on Dan Uggla’s flyout to deep center, Baker lined a run-scoring single to center to tie it 1-all.After an out, Johnson hit a pitch over the wall in straightaway center. His homer was the first by a Marlins pitcher since Dontrelle Willis connected against Atlanta on Aug. 29, 2007.“It wasn’t a cheap one. He hit it to one of the deepest parts of the ballpark,” Bush said.Johnson gave way to Dan Meyer with two outs and a runner on first in the eighth. Meyer promptly gave up Prince Fielder’s 13th home run, a two-run drive that cut Florida’s lead to 4-3.“I don’t know what (Meyer) was thinking. He threw a fastball and I got it,” Fielder said.Matt Lindstrom pitched a scoreless ninth for his 11th save in 13 opportunities. The game took 2 hours, 25 minutes.Bush gave up four runs and seven hits in six innings. He walked two and struck out four.Fielder’s run-scoring triple gave the Brewers a 1-0 lead in the fourth. Fielder finished with three hits.J.J. Hardy opened the fourth with a bloop single and advanced to second on Ryan Braun’s groundout. Fielder then hit a liner to right, and Hermida charged but failed to make the catch. The ball rolled past him, allowing Fielder to reach third.Notes:@ The Marlins placed RHP Anibal Sanchez (right shoulder discomfort) on the 15-day disabled list. Earlier, Florida designated RHP Hayden Penn for assignment and recalled RHP Tim Wood from Triple-A New Orleans. The team also recalled RHP Rick VandenHurk from a rehab assignment and optioned him to New Orleans. … The Brewers moved RHP David Riske (elbow surgery) from the 15- to the 60-day DL. … Milwaukee closer Trevor Hoffman is the first pitcher 40 or older to begin a season with at least 16 consecutive scoreless innings since the Angels’ Art Fowler threw 17 straight in 1963. … The four-game series drew 45,975, an average of 11,494.
A 22-year-old man will serve a 25-year prison term for shooting a USC student in the chest at a party in September 2011, according to a statement from the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office.Tyson Tyree Smith was sentenced Monday after pleading no contest to one count of attempted murder and admitting to using a firearm.Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Patricia Schnegg dismissed a second attempted murder charge and two counts of assault with a semiautomatic firearm, according to the statement.Officials said the shooting took place at about 1 a.m. on the first story of a two-floor apartment on the 1200 block of West 37th Place. The shooting occurred on Sept. 4, 2011. Smith has stayed in custody since he was charged Sept. 15, 2011.Smith fired one round and hit two students, both of whom survived. The bullet first hit a female student in the hand before hitting a male student in the chest.
Trevor Bauer made it clear that he disagrees with concerns his former manager, Terry Francona, expressed about how the pitcher could affect the Indians’ clubhouse had he stayed in Cleveland. After Bauer was sent to the Reds as part of a three-team deal Tuesday ahead of MLB’s trade deadline, Francona admitted he was concerned about the effect Bauer could have on the team if he wasn’t moved. “I hope my legacy will be defined in the minds of the fans and the people I connected with here,” Bauer said. “It’ll be different for every person, based on what they know about me and how well they know me or how little they know me. I think at the end of the day, I am myself, to a fault. There are good parts and bad parts and middle parts about everybody. So what I would like to be known as is someone who was true to himself and passionate about the game.“I tried to help as many people as I could in my time here. Tried to move things forward and make people’s lives around me better, make the game better. Am I perfect? No. Far from it. But that’s the same case for everybody.” MLB trade news: Trevor Bauer sent to Reds, Yasiel Puig to Indians in 3-team deal involving Padres MLB trade news: A’s acquire starter Tanner Roark from Reds, who continue makeover “I had concerns what it could do to our team and I voiced those concerns,” Francona said (via cleveland.com). “I would never, ever go tell these guys (in the front office) something, but they are good enough to always allow me my opinion, and you just try to do the best you can, and I’d be lying if I said I wasn’t a little bit worried.”Francona’s comments come after Bauer threw a baseball over the center field fence Sunday before being removed from the team’s 9-6 loss to the Royals. He defended Bauer’s antics Monday and Tuesday, saying Bauer is just competitive and wants to win, but he seemingly changed his tone Wednesday. Related News Asked what he was worried about, Francona said: “Just with what had happened. I was concerned. That’s all. Nothing more. Don’t read more than there is.”Bauer, who attended Wednesday’s game dressed in shorts and a T-shirt as he watched his former team like a fan, was informed of Francona’s comments, but simply dismissed it.He’s crazy but I love it! Who else does this? Trevor Bauer at the Tribe game just being an ordinary fan. 🤣🤣 pic.twitter.com/0XWrRn6ZTV— GV Art + Apparel (@GVartwork) August 1, 2019“Well, I’m not on the team. So, none of that really matters,” Bauer said.While Indians team president Chris Antonetti said Wednesday that Bauer’s throw Sunday didn’t change trade conversations, Bauer said he hopes that moment of frustration won’t define his nearly seven-year career with Cleveland. MLB trade news: Giants acquire Scooter Gennett from Reds
He was one of two deputies across South Florida who died of COVID-19 within two days, raising concerns about whether first responders being adequately protected.Sheriff Tony told the South Florida Sun Sentinel on Wednesday that his employees are equipped with proper protective gear, and have also been receiving it since Feb. 1, weeks before the coronavirus began spreading rapidly.Tony was responding to criticism from union leader Jeff Bell, who recently claimed the sheriff has failed to provide sufficient safety equipment for his deputies.That led Tony to suspend Bell last Friday, saying he made false statements, has engaged in corrupt practices, has exhibited conduct that is unbecoming, and has also not used proper discretion.The deputies’ union announced Monday that it would hold a no-confidence vote on Tony beginning the next day. Voting ends Monday afternoon.“These men and woman who serve under me, if they haven’t seen that I have their best interests at heart as of now and if they haven’t seen that I will do everything possible to make this agency the best agency in the country — that I am committed to them. If they haven’t seen it as of yet, it’s going to be a rough road ahead,” Sheriff Tony told The Sun Sentinel.The former Coral Springs police officer became the county’s sheriff two years ago, after Gov. Ron DeSantis removed former Sheriff Scott Israel, also after a no-confidence vote. The union announced its vote against Sheriff Israel over his handling of the Parkland school shooting as well as the 2017 mass shooting at Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport.However, Sheriff Tony says a no-confidence vote will not distract him, adding, “I have to stay focused. I cannot get caught up in the results of a vote of no confidence. …I need to keep moving this agency forward.” The number of coronavirus cases inside the Broward County Sheriff’s Office has almost doubled in one week.According to Sheriff Gregory Tony, seventy-seven employees have tested positive for COVID-19 as of Wednesday. Two of those people have since recovered and will soon return to duty.One week ago, the agency had 42 confirmed cases among its 5,400 employees.Veda Coleman-Wright, a spokeswoman for the Sheriff’s Office, explains that the majority of the positive cases have come in the communications department, which includes emergency dispatchers.One employee, Deputy Shannon Bennett died from the virus on April [email protected] shared his sentiments about the life and service of Deputy Shannon Bennett who passed away last night due to COVID-19. Deputy Bennett was instrumental in leading the initiative to further establish unity between law enforcement and the LGBTQ community. (1/2) pic.twitter.com/iBRdGXNmBv— Broward Sheriff (@browardsheriff) April 4, 2020
9 Apr 2018 Amelia’s win sets her on course for title defence England girl international Amelia Williamson took the first step in a title defence when she won the Hampshire Rose by a stroke.She was three-under par for the 36 holes at a very wet North Hants Golf Club, adding her name to a trophy which has previously been held by top professionals Charley Hull and Georgia Hall.Next step for the 17-year-old from Royal Cromer, Norfolk, is the Roehampton Gold Cup on Saturday. It’s paired with the Hampshire Rose to create a 72-hole event, offering world ranking points for the players and the overall winner receives the Gold Rose Trophy.Williamson became the first winner of the combined event last year and has her sights set on retaining the trophy, which was given by Olympic champion Justin Rose.The weather omens are encouraging. “I’ve looked at the forecast for Saturday and it’s wet,” said Williamson, who managed similar conditions at North Hants in style.“There were only five or six holes when you didn’t need waterproofs,” she said. “But I always gave myself chances to make par and holed out well from under 10ft.”She was two-under 70 in the morning, followed by one-under 71 in the afternoon and finished a shot ahead of Kath O’Connor (West Byfleet, 68 74). Two more members of the England Golf girls’ squad filled the next two places: Martha Lewis (St George’s Hill, 72 71) and Lily May Humphreys (Stoke by Nayland, 71 74). Tags: Amelia Williamson, Hampshire Rose
Dale Howell, tied for fifth in KIJHL scoring, is right behind Hunt in Leafs scoring with 11 points.Hunt, Howell and 16-year-old Ryan Piva are tied for the lead in goals for Nelson, each with four.Piva has goals in each of the last three games for Nelson.Paxton Malone and Mason Jones lead the league in scoring, each with 14 points.Injuries starting to add up for LeafsAfter having to sit a few players due to numbers, Leaf management is now beginning to see a few injuries add up on the roster.Dooley said netminder Jason Sandhu is out due to a lower body injury while Eamonn Miller and Jacob Karran are both out of the lineup due to upper body injuries.Dooley said all three players are expected back soon.Dooley said Spencer Selby missed some of the games at the start of the season because of his carding approval through hockey Alberta.’We signed (Spencer) late in the tryout process and and by the time his transfer went through all the necessary steps it wasn’t until after our first twogames he was approved.”Wounded NitehawksThe Nitehawks will be again missing two players for Friday’s game against Nelson.Tyler Hartman and McKoy Hauck were hit with two-game suspensions for multiple fights during the stoppage of play.The suspensions were picked up in the September 23 game against Grand Forks forcing the pair to miss Saturday’s game against Nelson.Grand Forks and Beaver Valley combined for more than 200 minutes in penalties during the game, won 5-2 by Grand Forks.This was the second time this season Grand Forks and Beaver Valley players spent more time in the penalty box than on the player’s bench.Grand Forks goalie Anthony Gilliart and Rylan Smaha-Muir also received two-game suspensions. One month into the season and not one team in the Murdoch Division of the Kootenay International Junior Hockey League has taken control.Currently, three teams — Grand Forks Border Bruins, Beaver Valley Nitehawks and Nelson Leafs — are tied for top spot with the Bruins getting the edge having played one less game.Right on the heels of the three front-runners is Castlegar Rebels, who have won three straight games after struggling out of the gates after losing twice during an East Kootenay road trip.The Nelson Leafs continue its September run through the Murdoch Division by hosting the Beaver Valley Nitehawks Friday at 7 p.m. in the NDCC Arena.The game is the lone contest on the schedule for Nelson after the Leafs played three times last weekend.”Right now our concern is putting together a full 60 minutes of hockey, developing our team systems . . . especially defensively,” said Leaf coach Sean Dooley on the eve of the game against the defending Murdoch Division champs.”We’re doing a good job putting the puck in the net and now we have to focus on keeping it out of ours.”The two teams have hooked up three times already, and the season is not even out of September.Beaver Valley started the season by edging the Leafs 3-1 on opening night. Nelson evened the series last Saturday with a 4-3 win in Fruitvale.Hunt on fire to start the seasonNelson Leafs winger Sawyer Hunt appears to have found his scoring touch after returning to his roots in the Heritage City.The 5’11”, 175-pound Nelson Minor Hockey grad has points in five of the Leafs seven games — registering points in the last three contests.Hunt, tied for third in KIJHL scoring, finished his final season in Kimberley with 35 points.If he continues his at this pace, the former Dynamiter would almost triple his points total of a year ago.
Seeking the ideal materialToday’s commercial solar cells are made from one of three materials: silicon, cadmium telluride (CdTe), or copper-indium-gallium-selenide (CIGS). Each has strengths and weaknesses.Silicon solar cells are highly efficient, converting up to 25% of the sunlight that falls on them into electricity. Silicon also is very durable. However, it is very expensive to process silicon into wafers. And these wafers have to be very thick (about 0.3 millimeters, which is thick for solar cells) to absorb all of the sunlight that falls on them, which further increases costs.Silicon solar cells – often referred to as first-generation solar cells – are used in the panels that have become familiar sights on rooftops. Our center is studying another type called thin film solar cells, which are the next generation of solar technology. As their name suggests, thin film solar cells are made by putting a thin layer of solar absorbent material over a substrate, such as glass or plastic, which typically can be flexible.A CZTS solar cell on a flexible glass substrate made by Corning. (Photo: Tara Dhakal)These solar cells use less material, so they are less expensive than crystalline solar cells made from silicon. It is not possible to coat crystalline silicon on a flexible substrate, so we need a different material to use as a solar absorber.Although thin film solar technology is improving rapidly, some of the materials in today’s thin film solar cells are scarce or hazardous. For example, the cadmium in CdTe is highly toxic to all living things and is known to cause cancer in humans. CdTe can separate into cadmium and tellurium at high temperatures (for example, in a laboratory or house fire), posing a serious inhalation risk.We are working with pyrite and CZTS because they are nontoxic and very inexpensive. CZTS costs about 0.005 cents per watt, and pyrite costs a mere 0.000002 cents per watt. They also are among the most abundant materials in the Earth’s crust, and absorb the visible spectrum of sunlight efficiently. These films can be as thin as 1/1000 of a millimeter. Global demand for energy is increasing by the hour as developing countries move toward industrialization. Experts estimate that by the year 2050, worldwide demand for electricity may reach 30 terawatts (TW). For perspective, one terawatt is roughly equal to the power of 1.3 billion horses.Energy from the sun is limitless – the sun provides us 120,000 TW of power at any given instant – and it is free. But today solar energy provides only about 1% of the world’s electricity. The critical challenge is making it less expensive to convert photo-energy into usable electrical energy.To do that, we need to find materials that absorb sunlight and convert it into electricity efficiently. In addition, we want these materials to be abundant, environmentally benign, and cost-effective to fabricate into solar devices.Researchers from around the world are working to develop solar cell technologies that are efficient and affordable. The goal is to bring the installation cost of solar electricity below US$1 per watt, compared to about $3 per watt today. RELATED ARTICLES Cost of Solar Electricity Hits a New LowPV Systems Have Gotten Dirt Cheap Green Building in the Cheap Energy EraSolar Potential Is Far Greater Than Earlier EstimatesThe Big Allure of Cheap PVSolar Now or Later?U.S. Wind Energy Prices Hit an All-Time LowThe End of Peak Oil? So far, cells are inefficientWe need to crystallize these materials before we can fabricate them into solar cells. This is done by heating them. CZTS crystallizes at temperatures under 600 degrees Celsius, compared to 1,200 degrees Celsius or higher for silicon, which makes it less expensive to process. It performs much like high-efficiency copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) solar cells, which are commercially available now, but replaces the indium and gallium in these cells with cheaper and more abundant zinc and tin.So far, however, CZTS solar cells are relatively inefficient: they convert less than 13 percent of the sunlight that falls upon them to electricity, compared to 20% for more expensive CIGS solar cells.We know that CZTS solar cells have a potential to be 30% efficient. The main challenges are 1) synthesizing high-quality CZTS thin film without any traces of impurities, and 2) finding a suitable material for the “buffer” layer underneath it, which helps to collect the electric charges that sunlight creates in the absorber layer. Our lab has produced a CZTS thin film with seven percent efficiency; we hope to approach 15% efficiency soon by synthesizing high-quality CZTS layers and finding suitable buffer layers.CZTS solar cell structure (Drawing: Tara Dhakal) Pyrite has a stability problemPyrite is another potential absorber that can be synthesized at very low temperatures. Our lab has synthesized pyrite thin films, and now we are working to layer those films into solar cells. This process is challenging because pyrite breaks down easily when it is exposed to heat and moisture. We are researching ways to make it more stable without affecting its solar absorbency and mechanical properties. If we can solve this problem, “fool’s gold” could turn into a smart photovoltaic device.In a recent study, researchers at Stanford University and the University of California at Berkeley estimated that solar power could provide up to 45% of U.S. electricity by 2050. To meet that target, we need to keep driving down the cost of solar power and find ways to make solar cells more sustainably. We believe that abundant, nontoxic materials are key to realizing the potential of solar power. At Binghamton University’s Center for Autonomous Solar Power (CASP), we are investigating ways to make thin film solar cells using materials that are abundant in nature and nontoxic. We want to develop solar cells that are reliable, highly efficient at converting sunlight to electricity and inexpensive to manufacture. We have identified two materials that have great potential as solar absorbers: pyrite, better known as fool’s gold because of its metallic luster; and copper-zinc-tin-sulfide (CZTS). Tara P. Dhakal is an assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at Binghamton University, State University of New York. This post was originally published at The Conversation.
It’s easier than ever to make a low-budget film with high production value, yet so many filmmakers still create films that look unpolished. In this post, we share 5 details that are often overlooked on smaller-scale films.More often than not, poor production value on independent films is a result of putting emphasis and effort in the wrong places, not as a result of not having enough money. For instance, a filmmaker may spend weeks and weeks dwelling over their camera choice, but spend little to no time focusing on their audio setup. It’s not that one element is more important than the other, but it is important to throughly focus on each and every facet of the process so the film can have a solid foundation on which to stand. There are literally hundreds of elements that are overlooked on low-budget films, but the 5 that I’ve outlined below are some of the most common misses, and in my opinion some of the simplest to remedy.Use More LocationsOften times independent films will limit their locations severely as a means to keep costs down as much as possible. While this may in fact help to save a bit of money, it can also make a film feel very hollow and cheap. There may be some specific instances where a film needs to take place in a single location, but for the most part if you are making a film that takes place in multiple locations, try not to consolidate them (out of convince) to the point where it starts to look like a stage play. If you have a 7 minute scene in one single location, it is going to feel really tired and boring by the end (unless your dialogue is absolutely mesmerizing), yet if you were to simply break that 7 minute scene up into two scenes and show it across two locations, it would instantly make the film feel more substantial and engaging.Understandably you might want to save money by using a single location, but if you feel it’s important to have two locations, then figure out a way to do it – even if it means shooting guerilla (at your own risk of course!) or asking a friend for help. Do whatever it takes to change things up and create a dynamic setting within your film, and I assure you that you will thank yourself later.Camera StabilizersImage from Matthias Münzer on fotocommunityNothing screams “cinematic” more than beautiful, stabilized camera movement. The type of camera movement you choose to use will depend on your specific film and the aesthetic that you are going after, but generally speaking there is nothing that adds more production value to a scene or sequence than a nice fluid camera move. For instance, let’s assume you are introducing a new character in a scene. You can use a slider or dolly to reveal that character and this will immediately give the scene more power as you draw the viewer into the moment, as opposed to just cutting to that character from a tripod shot (or handheld).Personally speaking, I don’t like to over-use stabilization in my films, and have always felt that less is more. If you can only afford to rent one type of stabilizer for your project, consider a gimbal based stabilizer like a Movi. These are particularly easy to learn and can take the place of a slider, jib, or Steadicam all in one tool.Use a Hair LightIt goes without saying that it is crucial for you to place a premium on lighting when producing or directing a film, but one of the most overlooked lights on lower budget productions is the hair light. For those of you that don’t know, a hair light (also called a rim light, or edge light) is commonly placed behind and above your talent, and is directed at the back of their head. It creates a beautiful and subtle glow around the edge of their hair that separates them from the background.Traditionally, audiences are used to seeing this technique employed on higher budget films, and since so many low budget films neglect to use a hair light, when you are able to implement one on your shots, it really shows. Not all styles and genres are going to call for the use of a hair light, but most can work really well with one. And achieving this look can be quite easy – in fact you don’t necessarily even need a light at all. For example, if you’re shooting outside in the day time, you can use a reflector board from behind to add an edge to your talent and separate them from the background.Place A Premium On Post-AudioImage from Victorgrigas on Wikimedia.We all know that capturing quality audio on set is integral to making a good film, but how you treat the audio in post is just as important. The slightest tweaks when mixing your audio can make a world of difference in the way the audience perceives the scene and the film as a whole. For example, if you have two characters driving along in a car and their audio sounds really flat (because the car is so padded inside), then adding a little bit of reverb to the dialogue track can make the entire scene come to life.But It’s not just dialogue editing/sweeting that needs your attention though – you also need to pay close attention to other elements like sound design and foley. It doesn’t need to cost you anything to go out and record a phone ringing or a door slamming, all it takes is a little bit of effort and time – but in the end these little details can make your film feel so much more polished and complete. Imagine watching one of your favorite films with no sound design, effects, or foley in it… It wouldn’t even come close to providing you with the same experience. So do whatever you can to pay attention to detail during the post-audio stage (with regards to dialogue, mixing, and foley), and you will increase your films value dramatically.Don’t Just Color Correct, Color GradeFrom “Color Grading for the Blockbuster“Having a strong knowledge of color is fundamental to visual storytelling, as it subtly creates a mood for your audience and allows them to subconsciously understand the world they are immersed in. Most filmmakers recognize this fact and do attempt to do some some of color processing on their film, however they often don’t fully understand the difference between color correction and color grading. Many filmmakers inadvertently choose to just color correct their film, but never really grade it to give it a look and feel of it’s own, which can end up leaving their film feeling somewhat unfinished.Color correction always needs to be done first, and is essentially the process of matching the color temperature and contrast of individual clips to achieve a consistent appearance. Only once this is done, can the color grading stage can begin – and it’s here where the visual tone of the film is set. Color grading will allow you to control the sensory experience of the audience by making scenes feel warm and inviting, cool and bleak, or any other variation in between.One popular technique that many films utilize to achieve a higher production value is the ‘blockbuster look’. Essentially this is the technique of pushing the shadows to the blue side of the color spectrum, and the mid tones and highlights to the orange side. This allows for skin tones to feel warm and pleasant, while shadows feel cooler and unsettled – ultimately creating a nice amount of color contrast in the image. See our previous posts on creating a ‘blockbuster’ style color grade in After Effects or DaVinci Resolve.